Random Polymers and Delocalization Transitions

T. Garel, C. Monthus

2007, v.13, №4, 731-760

ABSTRACT

In these proceedings, we first summarize some general properties of phase transitions in the presence of quenched disorder, with emphasis on the following points: the need to distinguish typical and averaged correlations, the possible existence of two correlation length exponents $\nu$, the general bound $\nu_{\mathrm{FS}} \geq 2/d$, the lack of self-averaging of thermodynamic observables at criticality, the scaling properties of the distribution of pseudo-critical temperatures $T_c(i,L)$ over the ensemble of samples of size $L$. We then review our recent works on the critical properties of various delocalization transitions involving random polymers, namely, (i) the bidimensional wetting, (ii) the Poland - Scheraga model of DNA denaturation, (iii) the depinning transition of the selective interface model, (iv) the freezing transition of the directed polymer in a random medium.

Keywords: polymers,disorder,phase transitions

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