Trait Substitution Trees on Two Time Scales Analysis

A. Bovier, Shi-Dong Wang

2013, v.19, №4, 607-642

ABSTRACT

In this paper we consider two continuous-mass population models as analogues of logistic branching random walks, one is supported on a finite trait space and the other one is supported on an infinite trait space. For the first model with nearest-neighbor competition and migration, we justify a well-described evolutionary path to the short-term equilibrium on a slow migration time scale. For the second one with an additional evolutionary mechanism-mutation, a jump process-trait substitution tree model is established under a combination of rare mutation and slow migration limits. The transition rule of the tree highly depends on the relabeled trait sequence determined by the fitness landscape. The novelty of our model is that each trait, which may nearly die out on the migration time scale, has a chance to recover and further to be stabilized on the mutation time scale because of a change in the fitness landscape due to a newly entering mutant.

Keywords: continuous mass population,slow migration,rare mutation,trait substitution tree,fitness structure

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