Two-Sided Evolution of a Random Chain

A.S. Gajrat, V.A. Malyshev, A.A. Zamyatin

1995, v.1, №2, 281-316

ABSTRACT

A finite chain (string) is just a sequence of symbols from some finite alphabet. We consider Markov chains with the state space equal to the set of all finite strings. In the simplest situation left-sided evolution of the string is defined by the following one-step transition probabilities: $q_l(x,\emptyset )$ is the probability that the leftmost symbol of the string is erased, if this equals $x$; $q_l(x,y)$ is the probability that the leftmost symbol $x$ is substituted by $y$; $q_l(x,yz)$ is the probability that the leftmost symbol $x$ is substituted by $yz$. Right-sided evolution is defined similarly. We consider the case when left and right evolution occur simultaneously and independently. In the generic situation we obtain a complete classification of such Markov chains.

Keywords: Markov chain,string,invariant measure,stabilisation law

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