Height fluctuations in interacting dimers

A. Giuliani

2018, v.24, Issue 3, 453-466


Perfect matchings of $\mathbb Z^2$ (also known as non-interacting dimers on the square lattice) are an exactly solvable two-dimensional statistical mechanics model. It is known that the associated height function behaves at large distances like a massless gaussian field, with the variance of height gradients growing logarithmically with the distance. As soon as dimers mutually interact, via e.g.\ a local energy function favoring the alignment among neighbouring dimers, the model is not solvable anymore and the dimer-dimer correlation functions decay polynomially at infinity with a non-universal (interaction-dependent) critical exponent. We prove that, nevertheless, the height fluctuations remain gaussian even in the presence of interactions, in the sense that all their moments converge to the gaussian ones at large distances. The proof is based on a combination of multiscale methods with the path-independence properties of the height function. Joint work with
V.~Mastropietro and F.~Toninelli.

Keywords: close packed-dimers, interacting dimer model, non-integrable model, Re\-normalization Group, height function, Gaussian Free Field


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